# Maharashtra Board 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Application of Definite Integration Ex 5.1

Balbharti 12th Maharashtra State Board Maths Solutions Book Pdf Chapter 5 Application of Definite Integration Ex 5.1 Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Application of Definite Integration Ex 5.1

1. Find the area of the region bounded by the following curves, X-axis, and the given lines:

(i) y = 2x, x = 0, x = 5.
Solution:
Required area = $$\int_{0}^{5} y d x$$, where y = 2x
= $$\int_{0}^{5} 2x d x$$
= $$\left[\frac{2 x^{2}}{2}\right]_{0}^{5}$$
= 25 – 0
= 25 sq units.

(ii) x = 2y, y = 0, y = 4.
Solution:
Required area = $$\int_{0}^{4} x d y$$, where x = 2y
= $$\int_{0}^{4} 2 y d y$$
= $$\left[\frac{2 y^{2}}{2}\right]_{0}^{4}$$
= 16 – 0
= 16 sq units. (iii) x = 0, x = 5, y = 0, y = 4.
Solution:
Required area = $$\int_{0}^{5} y d x$$, where y = 4
= $$\int_{0}^{5} 4 d x$$
= $$[4 x]_{0}^{5}$$
= 20 – 0
= 20 sq units.

(iv) y = sin x, x = 0, x = $$\frac{\pi}{2}$$
Solution:
Required area = $$\int_{0}^{\pi / 2} y d x$$, where y = sin x
= $$\int_{0}^{\pi / 2} \sin x d x$$
= $$[-\cos x]_{0}^{\pi / 2}$$
= -cos $$\frac{\pi}{2}$$ + cos 0
= 0 + 1
= 1 sq unit.

(v) xy = 2, x = 1, x = 4.
Solution:
For xy = 2, y = $$\frac{2}{x}$$
Required area = $$\int_{1}^{4} y d x$$, where y = $$\frac{2}{x}$$
= $$\int_{1}^{4} \frac{2}{x} d x$$
= $$[2 \log |x|]_{1}^{4}$$
= 2 log 4 – 2 log 1
= 2 log 4 – 0
= 2 log 4 sq units.

(vi) y2 = x, x = 0, x = 4.
Solution: The required area consists of two bounded regions A1 and A2 which are equal in areas.
For y2 = x, y = √x
Required area = A1 + A2 = 2A1  (vii) y2 = 16x, x = 0, x = 4.
Solution: The required area consists of two bounded regions A1 and A2 which are equal in areas.
For y2 = x, y = √x
Required area = A1 + A2 = 2A1 2. Find the area of the region bounded by the parabola:

(i) y2 = 16x and its latus rectum.
Solution:
Comparing y2 = 16x with y2 = 4ax, we get
4a = 16
∴ a = 4
∴ focus is S(a, 0) = (4, 0) For y2 = 16x, y = 4√x
Required area = area of the region OBSAO
= 2 [area of the region OSAO] (ii) y = 4 – x2 and the X-axis.
Solution:
The equation of the parabola is y = 4 – x2
∴ x2 = 4 – y
i.e. (x – 0)2 = -(y – 4)
It has vertex at P(0, 4)
For points of intersection of the parabola with X-axis,
we put y = 0 in its equation.
∴ 0 = 4 – x2
∴ x2 = 4
∴ x = ± 2
∴ the parabola intersect the X-axis at A(-2, 0) and B(2, 0) Required area = area of the region APBOA
= 2[area of the region OPBO]  3. Find the area of the region included between:

(i) y2 = 2x and y = 2x.
Solution:
The vertex of the parabola y2 = 2x is at the origin O = (0, 0). To find the points of intersection of the line and the parabola, equaling the values of 2x from both the equations we get,
y2 = y
∴ y2 – y = 0
∴ y = 0 or y = 1
When y = 0, x = $$\frac{0}{2}$$ = 0
When y = 1, x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$
∴ the points of intersection are 0(0, 0) and B($$\frac{1}{2}$$, 1)
Required area = area of the region OABCO = area of the region OABDO – area of the region OCBDO
Now, area of the region OABDO = area under the parabola y2 = 2x between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ Area of the region OCBDO = area under the line y = 2x between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ (ii) y2 = 4x and y = x.
Solution:
The vertex of the parabola y2 = 4x is at the origin O = (0, 0). To find the points of intersection of the line and the parabola, equaling the values of 4x from both the equations we get,
∴ y2 = y
∴ y2 – y = 0
∴ y(y – 1) = 0
∴ y = 0 or y = 1
When y = 0, x = $$\frac{0}{2}$$ = 0
When y = 1, x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$
∴ the points of intersection are O(0, 0) and B($$\frac{1}{2}$$, 1)
Required area = area of the region OABCO = area of the region OABDO – area of the region OCBDO
Now, area of the region OABDO = area under the parabola y2 = 4x between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ Area of the region OCBDO = area under the line y = 2x between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$  (iii) y = x2 and the line y = 4x.
Solution:
The vertex of the parabola y = x2 is at the origin 0(0, 0)
To find the points of the intersection of a line and the parabola. Equating the values of y from the two equations, we get
x2 = 4x
∴ x2 – 4x = 0
∴ x(x – 4) = 0
∴ x = 0, x = 4
When x = 0, y = 4(0) = 0
When x = 4, y = 4(4) = 16
∴ the points of intersection are 0(0, 0) and B(4, 16)
Required area = area of the region OABCO = (area of the region ODBCO) – (area of the region ODBAO)
Now, area of the region ODBCO = area under the line y = 4x between x = 0 and x = 4
= $$\int_{0}^{4} y d x$$, where y = 4x
= $$\int_{0}^{4} 4 x d x$$
= 4$$\int_{0}^{4} x d x$$
= 4$$$\int_{0}^{4} x d x$$$
= 2(16 – 0)
= 32
Area of the region ODBAO = area under the parabola y = x2 between x = 0 and x = 4
= $$\int_{0}^{4} y d x$$, where y = x2
= $$\int_{0}^{4} x^{2} d x$$
= $$\left[\frac{x^{3}}{3}\right]_{0}^{4}$$
= $$\frac{1}{3}$$ (64 – 0)
= $$\frac{64}{3}$$
∴ required area = 32 – $$\frac{64}{3}$$ = $$\frac{32}{3}$$ sq units.

(iv) y2 = 4ax and y = x.
Solution:
The vertex of the parabola y2 = 4ax is at the origin O = (0, 0). To find the points of intersection of the line and the parabola, equaling the values of 4ax from both the equations we get,
∴ y2 = y
∴ y2 – y = 0
∴ y(y – 1) = 0
∴ y = 0 or y = 1
When y = 0, x = $$\frac{0}{2}$$ = 0
When y = 1, x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$
∴ the points of intersection are O(0, 0) and B($$\frac{1}{2}$$, 1)
Required area = area of the region OABCO = area of the region OABDO – area of the region OCBDO
Now, area of the region OABDO
= area under the parabola y2 = 4ax between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ Area of the region OCBDO
= area under the line y
= 4ax between x = 0 and x = $$\frac{1}{4 a x}$$  (v) y = x2 + 3 and y = x + 3.
Solution:
The given parabola is y = x2 + 3, i.e. (x – 0)2 = y – 3
∴ its vertex is P(0, 3). To find the points of intersection of the line and the parabola.
Equating the values of y from both the equations, we get
x2 + 3 = x + 3
∴ x2 – x = 0
∴ x(x – 1) = 0
∴ x = 0 or x = 1
When x = 0, y = 0 + 3 = 3
When x = 1, y = 1 + 3 = 4
∴ the points of intersection are P(0, 3) and B(1, 4)
Required area = area of the region PABCP = area of the region OPABDO – area of the region OPCBDO
Now, area of the region OPABDO
= area under the line y = x + 3 between x = 0 and x = 1 Area of the region OPCBDO = area under the parabola y = x2 + 3 between x = 0 and x = 1 