Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 5 English Solutions Chapter 7 Major Dhyan Chand Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 5 English Solutions Chapter 7 Major Dhyan Chand
English Balbharati Std 5 Digest Chapter 7 Major Dhyan Chand Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Guess the meaning of the following words.
2. Name the following.
- Hosts of the 1936 Olympic Games
- Ruler of Germany
- Not comfortable with the wet ground
- Scored the first goal in the match
- Did not let the passes go waste
- Captain of the Indian Team
- Pounced on Dhyan Chand and hurt him
- Third time winners of the Olympic gold medal for hockey
- The Indian team
- Roop Singh from the Indian Team
- Players in the ‘D’
- Dhyan Chand
- German goalkeeper
- The Indian Team
3. Activity :
Find out how the following games are played.
1. Lawn Tennis
2. Table Tennis
1. Lawn Tennis
This game is played on grass courts with racquets and hand-made balls. It is played by two or four players who hit the ball back and forth over a net that divides the court. In singles, we have one player on each side of the court. In doubles, we have two players on each side of the court. Points are scored when
a player fails to return the ball within the rules.
2. Table Tennis
It is also called Ping Pong. In singles, we have one player on each side and in doubles, we have two players on each side. The players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using a small, round bat. The game is played on a hard table divided by a net. This game is very fast and requires a lot of concentration.
In this game, we have seven players in each team. There are two teams who occupy the opposite halves of a small field and take turns in sending a player into the other half. In order to win points, the player has to touch or wrestle with the players of the opposing team and then try to return to his own half. The player has to hold his breath and chant Kabbadi’ the whole time when he is in his opponents’ half. It is a rough and tough game.
This game is played by two teams consisting of 12 players but only 9 players take the field. One team sits/kneels in the middle of the court in a row with adjacent members facing opposite direction. The runners take to the field, 3 at a time and the team that takes the shortest time to tag/tap all the opponents in the field, wins.
In this game, two teams play against each other by dribbling and passing the ball into the opponents goal using a hockey stick which is shaped ‘I’ and is made of wood or fiber glass. The ball is small and hard. The ground is rectangular and the same can be played on a muddy or grassy ground. There are eleven players on the pitch and there are goalkeepers at either ends.
Each team consisting of eleven players has possession of the ball. The ball is big but not so heavy. The team tries to kick the ball down the field running with the ball and scoring points by crossing the goal line. The other team also consisting of eleven players tries to stop the opponent team from crossing the goal line and making points.
It is played in singles, doubles and mixed doubles. You have one player on each side of the court or two players on each side of the court. It is an indoor game. A badminton racquet and a shuttlecock is used to play the game. It is played on a rectangular court with a net in the centre. Players score points by striking the shuttlecock with their racquets so as to pass it to the opponents’ half. If the shuttlecock falls, points are got.
4. Language Study (See pages 84-88.)
Read the highlighted words. They are verbs.
The goalkeeper pounced on Dhyan Chand and hurt him.
Now find at least 5 other verbs from the passage.
rained, gathered, come, support, adopted, scored, resolved.
5. Use the following phrases in your own sentences.
be sure of
try one’s level best
at any cost
turn down the offer.
be sure of – to be certain.
I am sure of standing first in class.
try one’s level best-try as hard as you can.
We must try our level best to make our parents happy.
at any cost-by any means, no matter what happens.
My maid’s daughter was determined to get educated at any cost.
turn down the offer to reject the offer.
My father turned down the offer because the payment was not good.
English Balbharati Std 5 Answers Chapter 7 Major Dhyan Chand Additional Important Questions and Answers
Answer the following:
Which teams were going to play against each other in the Olympics held in Berlin?
The German team was going to play against the Indian team in the Olympics held in Berlin.
Why did Hitler himself come to watch the match?
Germany was the host of the Olympics and they were sure of their victory. This made Hitler the ruler of Germany, himself come to watch the match.
Why was the Indian team under pressure before the match?
The Indian team was under pressure before the match began because they had lost to Germany in the practice match and they were not very comfortable with the wet ground.
How many people had gathered in the hockey stadium? Why?
About forty thousand people had gathered in the hockey stadium to cheer Germany against India.
Were there any Indians to support the Indian team?
Yes, the Maharaja of Baroda State, the Prince of Bhopal and a few other Indians had come to support the Indian team.
What strategy had the German team adopted?
The German team had adopted a novel strategy of using the Indian technique of short distance passes against the Indian team itself.
What kind of play did the Germans resort to?
The Germans resorted to a very aggressive play.
Who scored the first goal? How?
Roop Singh from the Indian team scored the first goal by hitting the ball towards the goalpost from a difficult angle.
Why did Dhyan Chand run barefoot while playing?
The spiked shoes which Dhyan Chand was wearing was making it difficult for him to run fast on the wet ground. That is why he removed his shoes and socks and started playing barefoot.
What tells us that Dhyan Chand was not a selfish person?
Dhyan Chand could have easily made the goals himself from his own position but he did not do so. He skillfully took the ball away from the German defenders and made it possible for the Indian players in the ‘D’ to score goals. This shows us that Dhyan Chand was not a selfish person.
Which incident shows us that the Germans were frustrated?
When the Germans knew that they would be defeated, they resorted to a rough game. The German goalkeeper pounced on Dhyan Chand, hurting him. All these actions showed that the Germans were frustrated.
Which incident tells us that Dhyan Chand was a true soldier?
The German goalkeeper pounced on Dhyan Chand and hurt him. But, after a little firstaid, Dhyan Chand immediately returned to the field. This incident tells us that Dhyan Chand was a true soldier.
Who scored the last goal of the match? When?
Dhyan Chand scored the last goal of the match just as the game drew to a close.
Why do you think Hitler left the stadium before the match was over?
Hitler left the stadium before the match was over because he understood that the German team had no chance of winning.
What did the German dictator offer Dhyan Chand?
The German dictator offered Dhyan Chand a higher salary and rank in the German army, if he agreed to play on behalf of Germany.
What shows that Dhyan Chand was a true patriot?
Dhyan Chand turned down the tempting offer made to him by Hitler which shows us that he was a true patriot.
What is August 29th celebrated as in India?
August 29th is celebrated as National Sports Day in India.
Which stadium in India is named after Dhyan Chand?
The famous National Stadium in Delhi is named after the great hero Dhyan Chand.
What would happen to the hockey stick in Dhyan Chand’s hands?
The lifeless hockey stick used to come alive in Dhyan Chand’s hands.
Why did some people steal and break Dhyan Chand’s hockey sticks?
Some people stole and broke Dhyan Chand’s hockey sticks to see whether they contained a special glue or magnet because whenever Dhyan Chand dribbled, the ball wouldn’t leave his sticks.
Did Dhyan Chand’s game change with an ordinary stick?
No, Dhyan Chand’s game did not change even with an ordinary stick, instead his game was as charismatic as ever.
What was Dhyan Chand’s real name?
Dhyan Chand’s real name was Dhyan Singh.
Why did Dhyan Chand practise at night?
Dhyan Chand was a soldier in the Indian Army. He was busy doing his duty as a soldier during the day and hence, practised at night in the moonlight.
How did Dhyan Singh’s name change to Dhyan Chand?
Dhyan Singh used to practise at night in the moonlight. Hence, his coach fondly called him Dhyan ‘Chand’ and this name stayed with him.
Name the following:
- Dhyan Chand’s real name.
- The person who fondly called Dhyan ‘Chand’.
- Award given to Dhyan Chand by Hitler.
- Dhyan Chand’s profession.
- National Sport of India.
- Dhyan Singh
- Dhyan Chand’s coach
- Special gold medal
- Soldier in the Indian Army
Language Study :
Give meanings of the phrases and use the phrases in your own sentences:
Sure of victory-sure of success.
The Indian cricket team was sure of victory.
played as one – played in unity.
Our school football team played as one against their opponent.
under pressure – under stress.
I am always under pressure before my Maths paper.
Pick out some nouns from the lesson.
Decide whether the nouns are common, proper, countable or uncountable:
|Proper / Common noun||Countable / Uncountable|
|1. Berlin – Proper noun||Countable|
|2. People – Common noun||Countable|
|3. sticks – Common noun||Countable|
|4. defender – Common noun||Countable|
|5. players – Common noun||Countable|
|6. soldier – Common noun||Countable|
Do as Directed.
- Hitler awarded a special gold medal to Dhyan Chand. (Pick out the common noun and proper noun)
- The Indian team scored three more goals. (Pick out the verb (action word) from the sentence)
- The Mumbai team ………… close to victory (wereus) (Fill with the correct verb form)
- I was awarded ……………… special prize for my performance. (Fill with an article)
- The football team ………. five more goals. (Fill in with the correct word snatched/scored)
- Hitler left the stadium before the game was over. (Pick out the verb and state its tense)
- We should never/always) postpone our studies. (Cross out the wrong word)
- We should never walk ……… on the road. (Give one word for the given phrase and fill it in the blank. ‘Without footwear)
- The child came up with a ………. idea and everyone praised him. (Fill in with an adjective).
- Rohan was. . ….. because he did not get good marks. (Fill in with an adjective)
- Hitler, Dhyan Chand – Proper noun, medal – common noun
- verb – scored
- left, was – past tense
- novel / wonderful
- frustrated / crestfallen
Add – ‘ness, – ity, – ment, – tion’ where necessary to change the words into nouns.
Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:
Where were the Olympic Games held in 1936?
The Olympic Games were held at Berlin in
Germany, in the year 1936.
Which two teams had reached the finals?
The Indian team and the German team had reached the finals.
Why did Germany’s ruler, Hitler come to watch the match?
Hitler was sure of Germany’s victory, that is why he came to watch the match.
What happened to the field because of the heavy rains?
The entire field had become water-logged because of the heavy rains.
Why was it impossible to postpone the match?
It was impossible to postpone the match because it was the last day of the match.
Pick out two compound words from the passage.
Germany had defeated several teams. (Pick out the helping verb and the main verb).
- helping (auxiliary) verb – had
- main verb – defeated
Use related words for ‘match’ from the passage.
Which game do you like? Why?
I like to play badminton with my friends in the evening. It keeps me fit and active. It also helps in increasing my concentration.
Writing Skills :
Write a paragraph on any one Indian sports player who has made our country proud.
Saina Nehwal I love playing badminton. I admire Saina Nehwal because of the way she plays badminton. I have read about her and recently she has made the country proud by winning the Women’s Singles. She is the first Indian to win a medal in the Olympics for badminton. She has been ranked as No.1 in the world. Her success story is very inspiring. She is a very simple girl who has achieved her success through hard work and dedication. Someday, I hope to be like her.
Major Dhyan Chand Summary in English
Hard work and a will to win will always help you to achieve your goal. Whatever obstacles come your way, you should accept the challenge and go ahead, and success will surely be yours. This lesson ‘Major Dhyan Chand’ written by Sanjay Dudhane, is a very inspiring one which tells us about the hockey finals played against Germany during the Olympic events held at Berlin in Germany on 15th August, 1936.
The German team had defeated many teams to reach the finals. The Indian team was not very comfortable on wet ground and unluckily for them it had rained heavily the day before the final match. They were in a foreign land and the stadium was filled with Germans, with only a few Indians to cheer them.
The captain of the team, Dhyan Chand kept his cool and along with his team played a wonderful match, taking our country to victory and defeating the Germans in their home-town. The skill showed by our captain was appreciated even by the German dictator. Hitler awarded him with a special gold medal.
- pounced (v) – jumped upon
- fruitless (adj) – useless
- barefoot (adj) – without any footwear
- host (n) – a person who entertains guests in his/her home.
- water – logged (adj) – filled with water
- postpone (v) – delay
- aggressive (adj) – to attack unjustly
- resistance (n) – withstand the action
- resolved (v) – decided
- dribbling (u) – to run with the ball, controlling its path with the hockey stick or feet.
- skillfully (adj) – capacity to do something well.
- frustrated (adj) – angry at being unable to produce results
- spellbound (adj) – held by attention as if by magic
- stadium (n) – a place where sporting events are held
- dictator (n) – the highest level of authority, a single ruler who has all the power.
- legacy (n) – money or property given to someone in a will.
- charismatic (adj) – having personal charm.